Stamford is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 119,261, making it the fourth largest city in the state.
Stamford was the ninth-safest city in the United States in 2006 and for the past six years has ranked in the top 11 safest cities with populations of 100,000 or more, according to the FBI. It is considerably more affluent than national average and strongly politically Democratic. In 2006, CNN/Money and Money Magazine ranked Stamford 46th on its list of the 100 Best Places to Live in the United States.
In recent years, many large corporations including Xerox, International Paper and Clairol have moved offices outside of the city due to the high rental cost. However, Roal Bank of Scotland has announced plans for a new global Headquarters in the city by 2008. The trading floor at the UBS building, in downtown Stamford, holds the Guiness World Record as the largest column-less trading floor in the world.
Stamford was known as Rippowam by the Native American inhabitants to the region, and the very first European settlers to the area also referred to it as such. The name was later changed to Stamford after a town in Lincolnshire, England. The deed to Stamford was signed on July 1, 1640 between Captain Turner of the New Haven Colony and Chief Ponus. By the Eighteenth century, one of the primary industries of the town was merchandising by water, which was possible due to Stamford's proximity to New York.
In 1692, Stamford was home to a less famous witch trial than the well-known Salem witch trial, which also occurred in 1692. The accusations were less fanatical and smaller-scale but also grew to prominence by gossip and hysterics.
Starting in the late 19th century, New York residents built summer homes on the shoreline, and even back then there were some who moved to Stamford permanently and started commuting to Manhattan by train, although the practice became more popular later. Stamford incorporated as a city in 1893.
A massive urban redevelopment campaign (starting in the 1960s and gaining steam in the 1970s) resulted in a downtown with many tall office buildings. The F.D. Rich Co. was the city-designated urban renewal developer of the downtown in an ongoing redevelopment project that was contentious, beginning in the 1960s and continuing through the 1970s. The company put up the city's tallest structure, Landmark Building, and the GTE building (now One Stamford Forum) along with the Marriott Hotel, the Stamford Town Center and many of the other downtown office buildings. The Landmark Building will soon be dwarfed by two new downtown projects by the Rich Company in partnership with Cappelli Enterprises by the imminent start of construction of the 34 story Trump Parc condominium project and the 400 foot 39 story Ritz Carlton Hotel and Residences development. Over the years, other developers have joined in building up the downtown, a process that continued, with breaks during downturns in the economy, through the 1980s, 1990s and into the new century.
Stamford is situated at the southwestern point of Connecticut. It is bordered on the north by Pound Ridge, NY, to the south by Long Island Sound, by Greenwich to the west, and both Darien and New Canaan to the east.
Unlike larger cities, Stamford has non-distinct neighborhoods. The city as a whole is racially diverse. The only neighborhood lacking in this diversity is North Stamford where incomes and home values are higher. The common neighborhoods throughout Stamford (with Zip codes that roughly cover the same areas) are as follow:
06901 - Downtown
06902 - Cove, East Side, Hubbard Heights, Roxbury, Shippan, Shippan Point, South End, Waterside, West Side and Westover
06903 - Long Ridge and North Stamford
06905 - Belltown, Newfield, Ridgeway, and Turn of River
06906 - Glenbrook
06907 - Springdale
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